Canada is a welcoming nation for people from all over the world, but the immigration laws require that people who want to visit or stay in Canada be in good health. The government can determine if you are medically eligible for a visa based on information from a medical exam.

Some health conditions may automatically make you ineligible, such as:

1. Active Tuberculosis (TB)

The presence of active TB is usually determined through a chest x-ray. If you have had TB in the past, you may still be eligible for a visa if you provide evidence that you have completed treatment and are no longer contagious.

It’s important to note that a panel-approved physician, such as GTA Immigration Medical (see website), should perform your medical test. You can check the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website for a list of panel physicians.


Even if you have HIV/AIDS, you may still be eligible for a visa to Canada under the following conditions:

  • You will only live in the country for a short term (less than six months).
  • You disclose your condition and seek entry for treatment that isn’t available in your home country.
  • You have a letter from your health care professional or doctor that says you’re in good health and don’t pose risks to others.
  • You are a refugee or protected person and meet the other entry requirements.
  • You have private health insurance during your stay.
  • You are the spouse, common-law partner, dependent child, or parent of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, and you meet the other requirements for entry.
  • You understand that you must comply with all the conditions of your stay, such as not working or studying without proper authorization.

3. Active Syphilis

This is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause serious health problems if left untreated. If you have this condition, you will be denied entry to the country. But if you have an inactive infection, you may still qualify for a visa. 

During your medical exam, your panel-approved physician will ask for your medical history and likely do some tests to check for this disease. If you can’t find a panel-approved physician in your area, you may check the list on the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website. You may also see this panel physician in Markham if you’re nearby.

4. Sexual Disorders

If you have a sexual disorder considered a danger to public safety, you will not be allowed to enter Canada. This includes pedophilia and exhibitionism. However, people with these disorders who have undergone or are undergoing treatment may be admissible.

The immigration will ask you to provide information about your disorder, its effects, and treatment. You may also need to ask your health care professional or doctor to write a letter that says your condition is manageable and doesn’t pose risks to others.

5. Mental Disorders

Mental disorders like psychosis and personality disorders can make you ineligible for a visa. But there are some exceptions. For example, you may still be allowed to enter Canada if you seek treatment for your condition. Like other conditions, you also need to prove that your disorder is under control and that you pose no risk to others.

The immigration will ask you questions about your mental health, such as whether you’ve been hospitalized for your condition. Most importantly, they need to know if you can support yourself financially during your stay.

6. Other Health Conditions

Other serious health conditions may make you ineligible for a visa, such as:

  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Active cancer
  • Drug addiction
  • Alcoholism

These conditions may disqualify you from entering Canada because they could lead to significant medical costs or harm public safety. But you may still be eligible for a visa if you can prove that your condition is under control and that you pose no risk to others.

Moreover, you need to provide proof that you can financially support yourself and whatever treatment plan is necessary while staying in Canada. It’s also your responsibility to pay for your medical test and whatever is required for your treatment, such as hospitalization fees. Check here to have an idea of the cost of a medical examination.

Final Thoughts

Applying for a Canadian visa is not a complex process if you meet all the requirements, including passing a medical exam. You must tell if you have any pre-existing medical conditions and provide supporting documents, such as a letter from your doctor, to increase your chances of approval. 

You should also show that you can support yourself financially during your stay. Ultimately, find a panel-approved physician to perform your medical exam.