We owe a tremendous amount of thanks to our veterinarians as animal lovers. Their commitment, expertise, and perseverance are incalculably valuable. While many graduates of Doctors of Veterinary Medicine programs pursue jobs as veterinarians, there are other sorts of veterinarians. This list provides a high-level overview of the numerous specialties available in this field, which might be advantageous, particularly if you are an animal lover.

Companion Animal Veterinarians

Companion animal veterinarians are the most prevalent type of veterinarian; around 75% of all veterinarians in private practice work exclusively or primarily with companion animals. These veterinarians, who are frequently referred to as small animal veterinarians, are comparable to primary care physicians who treat people. 


They may treat wounds, diagnose illnesses, do surgery, administer vaccinations, and write prescriptions on a daily basis. Euthanasia is also performed on animals nearing the end of their lives.


Shelter medicine, a relatively new field involving the treatment of animals in need of homes, is another possibility for small animal practitioners. Looking for an exotic animal vet? Simply look up “exotic vets near meto get the best vet in your area. 

Specialists in Veterinary Medicine

As with human physicians, veterinary physicians can pursue a variety of specialties. Indeed, the AVMA recognizes nearly two dozen distinct subcategories of veterinarians under this heading. Employment prospects exist in anesthesia, dentistry, pathology, and surgery. Additionally, veterinarians can specialize in one or more animal species or groups, such as cats, dogs, poultry, or wildlife.


When specialized equipment or knowledge is required, veterinarian experts like a veterinary orthopedic surgeon serve as consultants to other veterinarians. Since each role requires a distinct set of skills, daily obligations will vary considerably between specializations. A veterinary pathologist is an expert in the study of animal disease. A veterinarian who specializes in emergency medicine and critical care is called an emergency veterinarian.

Food Animal Veterinarians

Generally, food animal veterinarians work with animals that have been raised for human consumption in order to assure food safety. Numerous of them are veterinarians specializing in huge animal care. Not always, however, is this the case. Regardless of the specific specialization, the AVMA notes that these veterinarians must safeguard the welfare of food animals and take preventative and curative measures against the disease. They may work on farms and ranches and spend considerable time on the road.

Food Safety and Inspection Veterinarians

While food animal veterinarians and food safety and inspection veterinarians contribute significantly to the safety of consumable commodities, they are not synonymous. According to the AVMA, the latter commonly collaborate with the FDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service to assist in enforcing regulations.


These veterinarians may conduct inspections of livestock and animal products, including eggs, dairy, and meat, to ensure that sanitation standards are maintained. In rare cases, infected animals must be isolated to avoid disease spreading to other animals and humans. Others are responsible for the safety testing of pharmaceuticals and additives.


Research Veterinarians

While all DVMs must possess superior scientific knowledge, research veterinarians must be trained. These veterinarians may work for government agencies, biomedical research firms, or universities, according to the AVMA’s job profile. Frequently, veterinarians who work in educational environments are faculty members who teach vet students.


Veterinarians working in collaboration with schools and government agencies may assess prior research and practices in order to develop more effective methods for diagnosing, treating, and to learn more on preventing health concerns. Individuals who work for biomedical or pharmaceutical firms develop and test drugs and other biomedical products.


As may be seen, veterinarians practice in a variety of contexts. Veterinarians are critical for the animal and human health despite the profession’s difficulties. When the time comes to take your companion to the veterinarian, you’ll have a better appreciation for the considerable training and labor required to learn their vocation.